What was the CIA code name for the Mujahideen?
Operation Cyclone was the code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) covert program to arm and finance the Jihadi warriors, mujahideen, in Afghanistan from 1979 to 1989, prior to and during the military intervention by the USSR in support of its client, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
Who started Mujahideen Movement?
Syed Ahmad Rai Barelvi
Syed Ahmad Rai Barelvi (1700-1850) is considered one of the early Muslim freedom fighters of India and a great reviver and thinker of Islam in the Indian subcontinent. He is popularly known among the Indo-Pak Islamic clergy and ulema as a “shaheed” (a martyr of Islam) who led the Mujahideen movement in India.
Why did the US support the Mujahideen in Afghanistan?
Reagan’s program assisted in ending the Soviet’s occupation in Afghanistan. The United States offered two packages of economic assistance and military sales to support Pakistan’s role in the war against the Soviet troops in Afghanistan. The support proved vital to the mujahideen’s efforts against the Soviets.
Who are the seven main mujahideen parties in Afghanistan?
Eventually, the seven main mujahideen parties allied as the political bloc called Islamic Unity of Afghanistan Mujahideen . Many Muslims from other countries assisted the various mujahideen groups in Afghanistan. Some groups of these veterans became significant players in later conflicts in and around the Muslim world.
What was the history of the Mujahideen in Afghanistan?
history of Afghanistan In Afghanistan: Civil war, communist phase (1978–92) …regional groups, collectively known as mujahideen (from Arabic mujāhidūn, “those who engage in jihad”), had united inside Afghanistan, or across the border in Peshawar, Pakistan, to resist the Soviet invaders and the Soviet-backed Afghan army.
When did the Mujahideen get ousted from power?
In Afghanistan: Civil war, mujahideen-Taliban phase (1992–2001) Najibullah was finally ousted from power in April 1992, soon after the breakup of the Soviet Union (which had continued to provide military and economic assistance to the Kabul government).