What was the first civilization in West Africa?
Among the Neolithic and Iron Age societies of West Africa, the Nok culture is perhaps the earliest and best known, dating back to 1000 BC. The highly developed society flourished on the Jos plateau, overlooking the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers, and had a far-reaching sphere of influence.
Why was salt worth its weight in gold?
Salt was necessary for maintaining life, but it was in short supply in the forests of West Africa. Salt became worth its weight in gold. And since gold was so abundant Abundant (adjective) : existing or available in large quantities 7 in the kingdom, Ghana achieved much of its wealth through trade with the Arabs.
Where did gold originally come from?
Gold is found in rock ores that date back to the Precambrian era, which is 4.6 billion to 541 million years ago. It was a period when asteroids bombarded Earth. Upon impact, these asteroids deposited high concentrations of gold deep into the crust.
How is Africa portrayed in the Western world?
In the West, Africa is portrayed either as the Heart of Darkness, with Africans suffering from that quartet of disease, poverty, famine and war, or as Rising, phoenix-like, the living and “vibrant” repudiation of all those worrying signs that perhaps capitalism – as it currently conducted – may not suit our increasingly “globalised” world.
What part of Africa had gold?
Ghana – 142.4 tonnes One of the Dark Continent’s top gold mining countries, Ghana grabbed the top spot from South Africa after mining more than 142 metric tonnes of the precious metal in 2019.
Which part of Western Africa did the gold come from?
The Ghana Empire – ‘Land of Gold’ One of the first sub-Saharan states in West Africa to gain attention in the wider medieval world was the Ghana Empire (6-13th century CE), located in modern-day southern Mauritania and Mali. The empire became famous for its gold, earning itself the nickname the ‘land of gold.
Which African country has most gold?
Ghana – 138.7 tonnes Ghana is Africa’s largest producer of gold, beating out South Africa for the first time in 2019, and is also known for its reserves of various industrial minerals.
Which is the most fertile region of Africa?
The East African Rift System intersects eastern Africa, running from north to south. The region, particularly the areas of the East African lakes— Victoria, Albert, Tanganyika, and Nyasa (Malawi)—contains some of the most fertile land in Africa, and during the colonial period it attracted settlers from Europe and Asia.
When did the Gold Coast become part of Ghana?
The Gold Coast was a British Crown Colony on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa from 1821 to its independence as part of the nation of Ghana in 1957. The term Gold Coast is also often used to describe all of the four separate jurisdictions that were under the administration of the Governor of the Gold Coast .
Where was the abundance of gold in Africa found during the salt and gold trade?
kingdom of Ghana
This is a map of the ancient kingdom of Ghana, displaying its location well north of present-day Ghana. Today this area is part of the countries of Mali and Mauritania. As salt was worth its weight in gold, and gold was so abundant in the kingdom, Ghana achieved much of its wealth through trade with the Arabs.
Why did West Africans want gold?
People wanted gold for its beauty, but they needed salt in their diets to survive. Salt, which could be used to preserve food, also made bland food tasty. These qualities made salt very valuable. In fact, Africans sometimes cut up slabs of salt and used the pieces as money.
How did Africans use gold?
These pieces of gold were mainly small nuggets. This gold was then traded for salt and slaves with the Berber tribes of northern Africa. The Akan needed salt for food preservation, and the Berbers used the gold and salt for currency and trade with the Arab world, of the Middle East.