Why did the Soviet Union invade Afghanistan in 1989?
Thousands of Soviet troops intervened to prop up the pro-communist regime, leading to a major confrontation that drew in the US and Afghanistan’s neighbours. During the Soviet occupation about a million Afghans lost their lives as the Red Army tried to impose control and millions more fled abroad as refugees.
How many Russian soldiers died in Afghanistan?
15,000 Soviet soldiers
About 15,000 Soviet soldiers were killed, and about 35,000 were wounded. About two million Afghan civilians were killed. The anti-government forces had support from many countries, mainly the United States and Pakistan. The war started when the Soviet Union sent its 40th Army to fight in Afghanistan.
When did Russia withdraw its troops from Afghanistan?
Feb. 15, 1989
Boris Gromov (left), with his son Maxim, walk across the Friendship Bridge between Uzbekistan and Afghanistan as Soviet troops finish their withdrawal from Afghanistan on Feb. 15, 1989.
Who was the leader of Afghanistan in 1979?
In 1978, a Soviet-backed coup in Afghanistan installed a new communist government under Nur Mohammad Taraki. However, in 1979, a second coup toppled Taraki’s government in favor of Hafizullah Amin, a Muslim leader less favorable to the Soviets.
When did the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan end?
The final troop withdrawal started on May 15, 1988, and ended on February 15, 1989, leaving the government forces alone in the battle against the insurgents, which continued until 1992, when the former Soviet-backed government collapsed.
Why did the Soviet Union leave Afghanistan in 1989?
Three objectives were viewed by Gorbachev as conditions needed for withdrawal: internal stability, limited foreign intervention, and international recognition of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan’s Communist government.
Where did the Soviet troops leave in 1989?
Families of Afghan refugees have been crossing the border into Pakistan. Border guards have reported that a dozen families have crossed through the Khyber Pass in the last few hours. Over the past two months, up to 20,000 have fled heavy fighting between the mujahideen and Soviet troops.