Who was the first person to discover Gabon?
Gabon was first explored by the Portuguese navigator Diego Cam in the 15th century. In 1472, the Portuguese explorers encountered the mouth of the Como River and named it “Rio de Gabao,” river of Gabon, which later became the name of the country. The Dutch began arriving in 1593, and the French in 1630.
When did Gabon gain its independence from France?
On 17 August 1960 Gabon, the last of the four territories, which had formed French Equatorial Africa, achieved independence. Gabriel LÁƒÂƒ©on M’Ba become the new president, he was an autocratic ruler.
Where did Gabon gain its independence?
Gabon’s first political party, the Jeunesse Gabonais, was founded around 1922. In 1910 Gabon became one of the four territories of French Equatorial Africa. On 15 July 1960 France agreed to Gabon becoming fully independent. On 17 August 1960 Gabon became an independent country.
Who was the leader of Gabon in 1960?
At the time of Gabon’s independence in 1960, two principal political parties existed: the Gabonese Democratic Bloc (BDG), led by Léon M’Ba, and the Gabonese Democratic and Social Union (UDSG), led by Jean-Hilaire Aubame.
When was Gabon recognized as a country?
The United States recognized Gabon on August 17, 1960, in a congratulatory message from President Dwight D. Eisenhower to Prime Minister Leon M’ba. On that date, Gabon’s independence from French Equatorial Africa was proclaimed.
When did Gabon get their independence?
November 28, 1958
Did the French have colonies in Africa?
French West Africa was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d’Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin), and Niger.
When did the Dutch and the French arrive in Gabon?
The Dutch began arriving in 1593, and the French in 1630. In 1839, the French founded their first settlement on the left bank of the Gabon estuary and gradually occupied the hinterland during the second half of the 19th century.
When did French West Africa gain independence?
French West Africa/Founded
What led to the independence of many African colonies?
Following World War II, rapid decolonisation swept across the continent of Africa as many territories gained their independence from European colonisation. Consumed with post-war debt, European powers were no longer able to afford the resources needed to maintain control of their African colonies.
Does France Own Africa?
France has been holding the national reserves of fourteen african countries since 1961: Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.