Where was the capital of the Free State?
The town is also located in a part of South Africa that is rich in fossil beds and early San artefacts. The little town of Fauresmith is one of the few towns in the world where a railway track runs through the centre of its main street. It once competed with Bloemfontein to become the capital of the Free State.
Why was the Bloemfontein railway station important?
The conference was a final attempt to avert a war between Britain and the South African Republic. With its failure the stage was set for war, which broke out on 11 October 1899. The rail line from Cape Town provided a centrally located railway station, and proved critical to the British in occupying the city later.
When did Bloemfontein become the capital of South Africa?
With colonial policy shifts, the region changed into the Orange River Sovereignty (1848–54) and eventually the Orange Free State Republic (1854–1902). From 1902–10 it served as the capital of the Orange River Colony and since that time as the provincial capital of the Free State. In 1910 it became the Judicial capital of the Union of South Africa .
When did Orange Free State become the capital of South Africa?
In 1910 it became the Judicial capital of the Union of South Africa . The Orange Free State was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century.
What was the purpose of the Bloemfontein Conference?
He recorded that his earliest memories were of “a hot country”. In 1899 the city was the site of the Bloemfontein Conference, which failed to prevent the outbreak of the Second Boer War. The conference was a final attempt to avert a war between Britain and the South African Republic.
Why was the native National Congress founded in Bloemfontein?
On 8 January 1912, the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) was founded in Bloemfontein. The Union of South Africa had not granted rights to black South Africans, causing the organisation’s creation. Its primary aim was to fight for the rights of black South Africans.
Why is Bloemfontein called the city of Roses?
The literal translation of Bloemfontein from Afrikaans is “fountain of flowers”, which gives the city its nickname, “The City of Roses”. Hence, the annual Rose Festival is a popular local event. Bloemfontein is also filled with history, where museums and military buildings remember the Anglo-Boer War (also known as the South African War).