What was the purpose of the Berlin Conference of 1884?
Berlin Conference. The Berlin Conference of 1884–85, also known as the Congo Conference (German: Kongokonferenz) or West Africa Conference (Westafrika-Konferenz), regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period and coincided with Germany’s sudden emergence as an imperial power.
What was the main purpose of the Berlin Conference of 1884 85?
The Berlin Conference of 1884–85 was organized by Otto von Bismarck, the ؖ rst chancellor of Germany. The purpose of the Berlin Conference was to regulate European colonization and trade in Africa by identifying which European nations would be allowed to control which parts of Africa.
What were three conditions of the Berlin Conference of 1884 85?
What were three conditions of the Berlin Conference of 1884–85? Slave trade was allowed. Most lakes and waterways were considered neutral. Africa would be divided among European nations and America.
What was the impact of the Berlin Conference on Africa?
The conference had positive as well as negative effects. Africans had lost their lands. Almost 90% of the African continent came under the control of Europeans. Only Liberia and Ethiopia remained free.
What type of consequences did the conference have on Africa?
The most significant impact the Berlin Conference had on Africa was the creation of colonial empires that fragmented the entire continent with the exception of Ethiopia, which remained independent.
What were some of the consequences of the Berlin Conference for African nations?
Some of the negative impacts included, loss of land, enslavement in these new territories, natural resources being taken from the people, and European disease. The African people weren’t even asked or apart of the conference so they just had their land taken from them with no say at all.
What are the negative modern day consequences of imperialism in Africa?
There were several negatives of colonialism for the Africans like resource depletion, labor exploitation, unfair taxation, lack of industrialization, dependence on cash crop economy, prohibition of trade, the breaking up of traditional African society and values, lack of political development, and ethnic rivals inside …
When did Africa gain its independence from colonial rule?
In 1885 at the Berlin Conference, the most powerful European countries, the British, French, German, Spanish, and Portuguese, divided the continent amongst themselves. However, Africa’s involvement in the two world wars helped fuel the struggle for independence from colonial rule.
What did Europeans do before the Berlin Conference?
Before the conference, European diplomacy treated African natives in the same manner as New World natives: by forming trading relationships with the indigenous chiefs. In the early 1800s, the search for ivory, which was then often used in the production of luxury goods, led many white traders further into the interior of Africa.
What happened as a result of the Berlin Conference?
Its outcome, the General Act of the Berlin Conference, formalized the Scramble for Africa. The conference resolved to end slavery by African and Islamic powers. Thus, an international prohibition of the slave trade throughout their respected spheres was signed by the European members.
How did the Berlin Conference shape Africa’s future?
The Berlin Conference carved up Africa into spheres of influence. Without asking the indigenous people, Europeans gathered together to see who would control which piece of the continent. Europeans used their claims as an excuse to exploit the continent, taking raw materials and using natives for underpaid menial labor.
Who divided up Africa?
Chancellor Otto von Bismarck
Representatives of 13 European states, the United States of America and the Ottoman Empire converged on Berlin at the invitation of German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck to divide up Africa among themselves “in accordance with international law.” Africans were not invited to the meeting.