What is the difference between Guinea and Guinea-Bissau?
At independence, French Guinea became Guinea, Spanish Guinea became Equatorial Guinea, and Portuguese Guinea became Guinea-Bissau. The region was a major source of gold, hence the name “guinea” for the British gold coin. The guinea pig comes not from any of the Guineas in Africa, but from South America.
What languages do they speak in Guinea?
French is the country’s official language, but is used almost exclusively as a second language. Six indigenous languages have the status of national languages: Pular (or Fula), Maninka, Susu, Kissi, Kpelle and Toma.
What language is spoken in Guinea-Bissau?
The official language of Guinea-Bissau is Portuguese, which is spoken by 11% of the population. The local dialect is called Crioulo or Kiriol. French is also learned in schools, as Guinea-Bissau is surrounded by French-speaking countries and is a full member of the Francophonie as well as the Lusophone CPLP.
What animals live in Guinea-Bissau?
Guinea Bissau is a country blessed with an abundance of wildlife. Animals that live there include carnivores such as leopards, lions, wild cats such as caracals and servals, mongoose and the spotted hyena. Guinea Bissau is also home to the honey badger, jackals and otters.
Is Guinea a democracy?
Politics of Guinea takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Guinea is both head of state and head of government of Guinea. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly.
Who is the head of government in Guinea Bissau?
In the semi-presidential representative democratic republic of Guinea-Bissau, the Prime Minister of the country heads the government of the nation.
What type of government is Guinea-Bissau?
Unitary stateSemi-presidential system
What currency is used in Guinea?
The Guinea franc (GNF) is the national currency of the African nation of Guinea. The country used the common area currency the CFA franc until its independence in 1958. The GNF freely floats on the international currency markets.
What is the most spoken language in Guinea-Bissau?
How are the police in Guinea Bissau doing?
Local police lack the resources, capacity, and training to respond effectively to serious criminal incidents. The country has experienced chronic political and institutional dysfunction for decades, and there is the potential for violence. Guinea-Bissau is a former Portuguese colony bordered by Senegal to the north and Guinea to the south and east.
How much is a guinea worth in 2020?
At the time of writing – 1st of March 2020 – the price of one ounce of gold stands at £1237. Therefore, your quarter-ounce guinea is worth around £310! For a collector, however, a genuine gold guinea of any era is worth more than its weight in gold.
What type of economy does Guinea-Bissau have?
The economy of Guinea-Bissau comprises a mixture of state-owned and private companies….Economy of Guinea-Bissau.
|GDP by sector||agriculture (50%) industry (13.1%) services (36.90%) (2017 est.)|
|Inflation (CPI)||0.2% (2019 est.)|
|Population below poverty line||67% with less than $2/day (2015 est.)|
|Gini coefficient||50.7 (2010)|
What is Guinea-Bissau culture?
Until the arrival of other civilizations, most of the local population adhered to animist beliefs. Today, however, the majority practice Islam, followed by Christianity and indigenous religions. Traditions are often practiced with a certain syncretism with conventional African beliefs and practices.
What was the history of Guinea Bissau after independence?
Guinea-Bissau’s post-independence history has been chequered. A civil war in 1998, followed by the imposition of a military junta in 1999 has been replaced with a multi-party democracy. The economy remains fragile, however hopes are high. Guinea-Bissau is warm all year around and there is little temperature fluctuation; it averages 26.3°C (79.3°F).
What kind of government does Guinea have now?
Guinea attained sovereignty in 1958, and it has gone through four constitutions to the current one adopted in 2010. The Constitution recognizes Guinea as a unitary republic. The citizens of Guinea head to the polls after five years to choose the President. The winner has to acquire the largest pool of votes.
What do you call someone from Guinea-Bissau?
Bissau-Guineans can be divided into the following ethnic groups: Fula and the Mandinka-speaking people, who comprise the largest portion of the population and are concentrated in the north and northeast; Balanta and Papel people, who live in the southern coastal regions; and.