Why did Islam spread throughout Africa?
Following the conquest of North Africa by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century CE, Islam spread throughout West Africa via merchants, traders, scholars, and missionaries, that is largely through peaceful means whereby African rulers either tolerated the religion or converted to it themselves.
How did trade affect the rise of empires in West Africa?
Why did West African trading empires rise and fall? People would start to be wealthy and then a drop in trading or a food loss would strike the kingdom. Ghana was located between the Sahara salt mines and gold mines near the West African coastal rain forests. Ghana became an important crossroads of trade.
Why did African trade routes shifted east?
Why did the African trade routes shift to the east several times? it spread by conquest and through trade. What was the chief means of social and political organization in African stateless societies?
How did African kingdoms become powerful?
The wealth made through trade was used to build larger kingdoms and empires. To protect their trade interests, these kingdoms built strong armies. Kingdoms that desired more control of the trade also developed strong armies to expand their kingdoms and protect them from competition.
What trade route made West Africa wealthy?
Over time, the slave trade became even more important to the West African economy. Kings traded slaves for valuable good, such as horses from the Middle East and textiles and weapons from Europe. The transSaharan slave trade contributed to the power of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai.
What kind of trade does the EU have with West Africa?
Trade picture. West Africa’s imports from the EU consist of fuels, food products, machinery, and chemicals and pharmaceutical products. EU – West Africa trade in services is expanding, covering notably transportation and logistics, travel, and business services. West Africa is the most important investment destination for the EU in Africa.
What trades developed in West Africa?
A profitable trade had developed by which West Africans exported gold, cotton cloth, metal ornaments, and leather goods north across the trans-Saharan trade routes, in exchange for copper, horses, salt, textiles, and beads. Later, ivory, slaves, and kola nuts were also traded.
What most affected ancient West African trade?
Answer: most affected factor that affect ancient West African trade network is natural landforms. Explanation: most affected factor that affect ancient West African trade network is natural landforms. There were many distinct geographic features, therefore Africans were allowed to trade for what they wanted.
What was the trade like in ancient Africa?
The civilizations that flourished in ancient West Africa were mainly based on trade, so successful West African leaders tended to be peacemakers rather than warriors. Caravans of camel riding merchants from North Africa crossed the Sahara beginning in the seventh century of the Common Era.
Which is the biggest trading partner of West Africa?
The EU is West Africa’s biggest trading partner. The EU is the main export market for West African transformed products (fisheries, agribusiness, textiles, etc.). West Africa’s exports to the EU consist mainly of fuels and food products. West Africa’s imports from the EU consist of fuels, food products, machinery,…
Who was the first people to trade in West Africa?
Trade in Ancient West Africa. The first people to make the trek across the Sahara were the Berbers of North Africa who carried their strict Islamic faith across the desert. The Berbers converted many of the merchants of West Africa to Islam, but most of the common people retained their traditional beliefs.
What was the most valuable product traded in West Africa?
The main items traded were gold and salt. The gold mines of West Africa provided great wealth to West African Empires such as Ghana and Mali. Other items that were commonly traded included ivory, kola nuts, cloth, slaves, metal goods, and beads.
How did the West African kingdoms become wealthy?
In Western Africa, three kingdoms became wealthy beyond belief by controlling important stops along the trans-Saharan trade routes. The kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai mined an abundance of gold, which was in high demand in North Africa and the southern Mediterranean coast of Europe.
What caused the decline of West African empires?
With the gradual abolition of slavery in the European colonial empires during the 19th century, slave trade again became less lucrative and the West African empires entered a period of decline, and mostly collapsed by the end of the 19th century.