What is the oldest art tradition in Nigeria?
Terracotta Culture The Nok culture is dated to have flourished between the years 2000BC and 300AD, a making it the oldest form of traditional art not just in Nigeria but West Africa.
What is the oldest art culture in Nigeria?
The Nok culture is dated to have flourished between the years 2000BC and 300AD, a making it the oldest form of traditional art not just in Nigeria but West Africa.
What is the most important symbol of Nok culture?
The most characteristic Nok artifacts are clay figurines of animals and stylized human beings, usually heads; perforated eyes of an elliptical or triangular shape are typical of the style. Other artifacts of the Nok culture include iron tools, stone axes and other stone tools, and stone ornaments.
What is the meaning of Nok art?
Types of Art. Nok refers to the culture associated with a one hundred square kilometer area in central Nigeria where thousands of terracotta figures were found. These figures were first encountered in tin mines by Colonel J. Dent Young in 1928 and were classified as Nok by Bernard Fagg in 1943.
Why were the Nok people important to West Africa?
The Nok culture was one of the earliest known societies of Western Africa. It existed in modern-day Nigeria from around 500 B.C.E. to 200 C.E. The Nok farmed crops and used iron tools. Nok culture is known for its unique terracotta sculptures and its early iron working.
Why was the Nok culture understudied by colonialists?
More of Nok’s terracotta sculptures, domestic pottery, stone axes and other tools, and iron implements were discovered, but due to the colonial dismissal of ancient African societies, and, later, the problems facing the newly independent Nigeria, the region remained understudied.
What kind of impact did Nok culture have on Africa?
Famous for the distinctive terracotta sculptures of human heads and figures, Nok was the first known culture in West Africa to produce such art and perhaps the first sub-Saharan culture to perfect iron-smelting technology.
What did the Nok believe?
At that time, it was believed that the technology to create iron had only been invented once, in Eurasia. The common belief was that iron technology did not spread to Africa until much later. But Fagg was able to date charcoal inside these furnaces as far back as 280 BCE.
When did the Nok culture come to Africa?
In parts of Europe, the Copper Age lasted for nearly a millennia, but in West Africa, societies seem to have transitioned from the Neolithic stone age straight into the Iron Age, possibly led by the Nok. The terracottas of Nok culture demonstrate the complexity of life and society in West Africa in ancient times, but what happened next?
What did the IFE and Nok cultures have in common?
The brass and terracotta sculptures of the Ife and Benin cultures show significant similarities with those found at Nok, but what happened artistically in the 700 years between the end of Nok and the rise of Ife is still a mystery. Boddy-Evans, Alistair. “Nok Culture.” ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/what-was-the-nok-culture-44236.
What did the Nok people do for a living?
However, they also appeared to be very talented iron workers, and this is pretty significant. There is strong evidence that by roughly 550 BCE the Nok had sophisticated iron forges and were making complex iron tools.
How did the Nok culture use raw materials to advance their culture?
How did the Nok use raw materials to advance their culture? The Nok used clay to create a distinctive form of sculpture. How did the kingdom of Ghana become so powerful? Ghana’s rulers controlled the trade of both salt and gold.
How did the Nok society develop?
The Nok Culture appeared in Nigeria around 1500 BC and vanished under unknown circumstances around 500 AD, having lasted approximately 2,000 years. Iron use, in smelting and forging tools, appears in Nok culture by at least 550 BC and possibly a few centuries earlier.
How many years did the Nok thrive in West Africa?
The Nok culture (1500 BCE – 200/300 BCE) would develop. and vanished under unknown circumstances around 500 AD, thus having lasted approximately 2,000 years.