What is a colony quizlet?

When was the Encomienda system abolished?

In 1542, due to the constant protests of Las Casas and others, the Council of the Indies wrote and King Charles V enacted the New Laws of the Indies for the Good Treatment and Preservation of the Indians. The New Laws abolished Indian slavery and also ended the encomienda system.

How did Encomienda system start?

The encomienda was first established in Spain following the Christian conquest of Moorish territories (known to Christians as the Reconquista), and it was applied on a much larger scale during the Spanish colonization of the Americas and the Spanish Philippines.

Was Maryland a royal colony?

Crown rule; William III and Mary II declared Maryland a royal colony, rather than a proprietary province, and appointed Sir Lionel Copley as 1st Royal Governor (he arrived in St. Mary’s County, April 6, 1692). 1692, June 2.

What Did Columbus bring to America?

It was a disaster for Native Americans. In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue, bringing to the New World a bounty of wonder: coffee, horses, turnips, grapes, wine.

What did the Encomienda system provide for new Spain?

what did the encomienda system provide for New Spain? a cheap labor source. What prompted a wave of new businesses and trade practices in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries? New wealth and the growth of overseas trade.

What is a colony quizlet?

Colony. any people or territory separated from but subject to a ruling power.

Which nations controlled the Great Lakes?

The Great Lakes basin encompasses large parts of two nations, the United States and Canada. The Great Lakes basin is defined by science, engineering and politics. Most of the basin is defined by hydrology; watersheds that drain into the Great Lakes and their connecting channels are in the Great Lakes basin.

What system implemented by the Spaniards where land were divided and distributed among the Spaniards?

repartimiento, (Spanish: “partition,” “distribution”) also called mita, or cuatequil, in colonial Spanish America, a system by which the crown allowed certain colonists to recruit indigenous peoples for forced labour.

What is a grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it?

As legally defined in 1503, an encomienda (from Spanish encomendar, “to entrust”) consisted of a grant by the crown to a conquistador, a soldier, an official, or others of a specified number of “Indios” (Native Americans and, later, Filipinos) living in a particular area.

What was the significance of Columbus voyages according to this reading?

Columbus’s journeys to the Americas opened the way for European countries to colonize and exploit those lands and their peoples. Trade was soon established between Europe and the Americas. Plants native to the Americas (such as potatoes, tomatoes, and tobacco) were imported to Europe.

Why did most people come to the New England colonies?

The New England colonies were founded to escape religious persecution in England. The Middle colonies, like Delaware, New York, and New Jersey, were founded as trade centers, while Pennsylvania was founded as a safe haven for Quakers.

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